USS Corry (DD-463)
German D-Day Reports
From the Saint-Marcouf (Crisbecq) Battery
Oberleutnant Walter Ohmsen,
commander of the Saint Marcouf Battery, which had a garrison of 400 men.
June 1-15, 1944 War Diary of the German Sea Commander, Normandy.
Admiral Hennecke. The Commander of Sea Defenses, Normandy.
This report contains a collection of several artillery units, including Saint Marcouf, reporting in to central command.
Source: United States National Archives Microfilm Roll 4307, Frame PG 38121
Ending: 15 June 44
(Note: Saint Marcouf entries with translations are on following pages below.)
This page has entries for the
Things were mostly quiet until just after midnight, when at 00:22, Cherbourg rang "Fliegeralarm" which means airplane alarm. Hundreds of Allied aircraft were flying over Normandy -- fighters, bombers, gliders, and paratrooper planes filled the skies.
Below: Page 150 of the German Commander of Sea Defenses report
-- June 6, 1944, at 06:35, the Saint Marcouf Battery, being 1.5 miles inland, saw the silhouette
of the USS Corry as a light cruiser, and reported direct heavy hits on
what it believed was a cruiser. The Corry was the US Navy's only major
loss on D-Day. No other warship was sunk or sustained heavy hits off Utah Beach. See
Marcouf remarks are below.
BELOW: Page 151. Translations of June 6 activity from 07:15 to 07:39. At 07:15,
German unit Arko 118 reports cruiser shelled by Marcouf burning. From the
distance, the Corry's smoke screen generator emitting smoke would appear
as a ship burning, but the smoke screen tank on the Corry's stern was hit by a
German shell as the Corry was sinking, which set off the smoke. At 07:28,
a unit from
German regiment 1261, correctly identified the Corry as a destroyer
and reported seeing the Corry's smoke screen generator functioning,
believing that the Corry had intentionally fogged itself. (Note:
Translations are not given for entries before 07:15).
07.15 Arko 118 reports:
Marcouf got hits before battery. Cruiser shelled by Marcouf, burning. 4./1261 (Quinéville) shot at vehicle. Apparent sinking. Small vehicles drive around. 5.u.6. do not shoot, since range of fire is not sufficient. No connection to the 1. Department. Before Grandcamp and Vire delta of ship at collections and accrete
07:20 Battery Marcouf reports:
07:20 Enemy cruiser sunk. Battery unclear. 1 cannon direct hit, several wounded - medical assistance urgently needed.
07.20 III./1261 (also Marcouf) reports: 7.
Battery fired on enemy ship, position 2600 distance 149 hm with 1 cannon to
fire on enemy.
Below: A second German D-Day report.
German Naval Command West War Diary - 6 June 1944
Page 6232 -- 2nd-to-last paragraph which begins "Batterie Marcouf meldet" states:
Battery Marcouf reports as the first tangible success hit on enemy cruiser
and explosion of a ship.
Source: United States National Archives Microfilm
Roll 4075, Frame PG 37570-585
Two of Saint-Marcouf's three 210-millimeter (8.25-inch) guns.
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